How DNA Art is Created from Specific Genes




How DNA Art Targets GenesA question that keeps coming up is how DNA Art is created using genes associated with selected behaviors or emotions.  To understand the answer, we first need to provide a basic overview of molecular biology.  Genes are long stretches of DNA and the genes themselves do not produce a behavior or emotion. Instead, they code for the neurotransmitters, hormones, and proteins that produce these behaviors, emotions, or thoughts. Neurotransmitters transfer electrical information from neuron to neuron through chemical signaling. Hormones, released by hormone-secreting cells into the bloodstream, affect cell function by binding to target cell receptors. Our methods for producing the DNA Portraits using gene targeting to illustrate these traits is patent pending and the methodology was created in our lab. We have researched scientific articles to determine which genes are associated with certain behaviors or emotions. A detailed description can be found at the bottom of our “Lab Process” page at http://dnaartgallery.com/pages/lab-process, and a brief description of these associations is as follows:


1. NPTN is associated with IQ ("Scientists Find Gene Linking Brain's Grey Matter to Intelligence." Reuters. Thomson Reuters, 11 Feb. 2014. Web. 18 May 2016.http://www.reuters.com/article/us-in...A1A0CR20140211)
2. NRG1 is associated with Creativity ("Genes for Psychosis and Creativity." Genes for Psychosis and Creativity. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.http://pss.sagepub.com/content/20/9/1070)
3. SLC6A4 is associated with Happiness ("Genes, Economics, and Happiness." Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3858957/)
4. MAOA is associated with Success (Sapra, Steve, Laura E. Beavin, and Paul J. Zak. "A Combination of Dopamine Genes Predicts Success by Professional Wall Street Traders." PLoS ONE. Public Library of Science, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1...?dopt=Abstract)
5. RS53576 is associated with Love ("Oxytocin Receptor Genetic Variation Relates to Empathy and Stress Reactivity in Humans." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1...?dopt=Abstract)
6. DRD4 is associated with Faithfulness (Garcia, Justin R., James MacKillop, Edward L. Aller, Ann M. Merriwether, David Sloan Wilson, and J. Koji Lum. "Associations between Dopamine D4 Receptor Gene Variation with Both Infidelity and Sexual Promiscuity." PLoS ONE. Public Library of Science, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994774/)
7. 5HTTLPR is associated with Self-Control ("Evidence of Genetic and Environmental Effects on the Development of Low Self-Control." NCJRS Abstract. Criminal Justice and Behavior, n.d. Web. 18 May 2016. https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publicatio...aspx?ID=250608)

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